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The Constitution Of WHU

The Constitution of Wuhan University


The history of Wuhan University has been traced back to 1893, when it was founded as Ziqiang School. In 1928 it was officially named National Wuhan University and in 1949 its name was changed to Wuhan University. In 1960 it was accredited as the State key comprehensive university. In 2000 Wuhan University was restructured to consist of Wuhan University of Hydraulic and Electric Engineering, Wuhan Technical University of Surveying and Mapping and Hubei Medical University. In 2001 Wuhan University was granted with the privilege of one of the States priority development universities, a policy known as the 985 Project.

Wuhan University holds the people’s satisfaction as its central mission. By embracing the motto of “Improving Oneself, Promoting Perseverance, Seeking Truth and Making Innovations”, Wuhan University seeks to pursue human well-being, promote social progress, and create national prosperity. It also seeks to play a leading role in academic development and in developing highly innovative and internationally competitive personnel as well as competent professionals in diverse disciplines. Its goal is to build a world-class university presented with Chinese characteristics.

Chapter I General Provision

Article 1

This Constitution is enacted with the purpose of achieving the University’s developmental goals, improving its internal governance structure, advancing rule by law and standardizing the University governance. The enacting of this Constitution is based on the Educational Law of the People’s Republic of China, the Higher Educational Law of the People’s Republic of China, the Teachers’ Law of the People’s Republic of China, and the Provisional Regulations of Drawing up Constitution of Higher Learning Institutions.

Article 2

The official Chinese name of the University is Wu Han Da Xue and the Chinese abbreviation is Wu Da. The official English name is Wuhan University, abbreviated as WHU. The official permanent address is No. 299 Bayi Road, Wuchang District, Wuhan, Hubei, China.

Article 3

Wuhan University is a state-funded full-time institution of higher learning. It is supervised by the educational administrative department of China State Council and co-sponsored by the educational administrative department of China State Council and Hubei Province.

The sponsors shall provide the necessary conditions for the University and support the University’s autonomy. The University acknowledges the leadership and supervision of the educational administrative department of China State Council.

Any division, merger, renaming or termination is subject to the approval of the sponsors.

Article 4

The University adheres to a socialist orientation in its governance, and implements the educational policies issued by the China Communist Party and the State. It takes creating highly competent and well learned people as its fundamental responsibility and takes education, academic research, social service and cultural inheritance as its essential responsibilities.

Article 5

The University provides education to full-time undergraduate and graduate students as its primary educational form. It also provides other forms of education.

The University implements a flexible credit-based educational system, issues diplomats and confers bachelor, master and doctorate degrees as prescribed by laws.

Article 6

The University adopts the governance model that is led by the China Communist Party Committee of Wuhan University and that empowers the University President to take full responsibility (the China Communist Party Committee of Wuhan University is abbreviated as the University’s Party Committee below). The University promotes professors’ involvement in University administration and strengthens democratic administration and oversight. It seeks to build and develop a modern university system with Chinese characteristics.

Article 7

The University enjoys status as independent judicial entity and this judicial framework defines its autonomy. The University fulfills its obligations and implements its autonomy as delegated by laws.

The University enjoys the following autonomy within the judicial framework:

1. Autonomously formulating an admissions plan that fits social needs, available resources and conditions, and the scope of State-assigned admissions and policies.

2. Autonomously regulating academic programs and establishing standards and procedure for degree conferral that fit the academic and social development.

3. In light of the University’s developmental goals, developing the administrative quality control system to the standards of world’s top ranking universities.

4. Autonomously formulating strategic plans for students’ education and development; implementing teaching activities and building teaching infrastructure as needed.

5. Targeting the latest academic development; serving the State’s developmental strategies; implementing independent academic research, application and collaboration; and promoting cultural inheritance and innovation.

6. Autonomously collaborating and exchanging with domestic and international higher learning institutions, research institutes and other social organizations.

7. Based on the real needs and following the principle of adopting simple and efficient administration, autonomously deciding on organizational structuring, staffing, faculty recruitment and academic promotion; and regulating the allocation of benefits and salaries.

8. Autonomously administering and using State-granted assets, subsidies and donations.

9. Enjoying other autonomy prescribed by law.

The University develops an internal administrative mechanism represented by self-disciplining, self-regulating and self-supervising; it is open to social oversight and guarantees an open, fair and impartial execution of rights.

Article 8

The University upholds rule by law and creates free, equal and impartial educational environments. It shall develop a complete set of systems that guarantee academic freedom, information disclosure, public hearing on important issues, inquiry and internal oversight.

Article 9

The University uses its advantages and resources to support national and regional development. By using different models and through different means to expand collaboration with society, it seeks to gain more support from society while being open to social oversight.

Chapter II The University Membership

Article 10

The University’s membership consists of students, faculty and staff.

All members of the University shall abide by State laws and regulations, adhere to the University motto, protect the University’s reputation and rights, and collaboratively strive to achieve the University’s developmental goal.

All members of the University enjoy the rights and fulfill the obligations as defined by law. The University respects and protects its member’s legitimate rights, and seeks to develop a system thatensures judicial relief and settles disputes.

Section 1 Students

Article 11

Students are defined as the recipients of education who have been matriculated through legal procedure, have acquired matriculation qualification and have been registered by the University.

Article 12

The rights that students enjoy are listed below:

1. Receiving education provided by the University and using its educational resources as defined by its regulations.

2. Choosing academic major and selecting courses in accordance with its availabilities and the procedure; being conferred with certificate and diploma upon their fulfillment of academic requirements.

3. Organizing and joining students’ bodies as prescribed by laws and the University’s bylaws.

4. Applying for scholarship, student aids, loans, work study positions, provisional reliefs or tuition reduction based on qualification requirements.

5. Receiving impartial evaluation in morality, capability and academic study; receiving impartial rewards and honors; enjoying the rights of appealing and complaining regarding the decisions on rewarding, disciplining and infringement upon personal rights and interests.

6. Applying to quit and transfer as prescribed by regulations.

7. Participating in the University’s administration; giving opinions and suggestions.

8. Other rights as prescribed by laws, regulations and the University’s bylaws.

Article 13

The obligations that students shall fulfill.

1. Studying hard and completing study as scheduled.

2. Abiding by the University’s administrative regulations

3. Showing respect to faculty members and instructors, appreciating others’ labor, and cultivating good morality, team spirit and proper conduct.

4. Complying with the codes of academic ethics

5. Paying tuition and other fees as required.

6. Making careful use of teaching equipment and living facilities.

7. Other obligations as prescribed by laws, regulations and the University’s bylaws.

Article 14

The University provides education and services that support students’ all-around development; it seeks to improve its educational system and educational quality.

Section 2 Faculty and Staff

Article 15

The University’s faculty and staff consist of teachers, other professionals and technicians, administrators, and services staff.

Article 16

Faculty is defined as the professionals engaged in fulfilling educational and teaching duties.

Article 17

The rights that faculty enjoys are listed below:

1. Using the University’s public resources as prescribed by the University’s bylaws; being engaged in educational and teaching activities; carrying out educational and teaching reform and experiments.

2. Getting engaged in academic research and exchange; joining academic societies; giving a full scope of opinions in academic activities.

3. Guiding students’ learning and development; evaluating students’ conduct and assessing their academic achievement.

4. Being entitled to salary and benefits, medical care, vacation and insurance as prescribed by laws, regulations and employment contracts.

5. Obtaining equal opportunities and qualifications for career development.

6. Receiving impartial evaluation in morality, capability and academic achievement; being entitled to appeal and complain regarding career promotion, benefits allocation, rewards, discipline and other infringements upon personal rights and interests.

7. Participating in the University’s administration; giving opinions and suggestions.

8. Other rights as prescribed by laws, regulations, University’s bylaws and employment contracts.

Article 18

The obligations that faculty shall fulfill:

1. Implementing the State’s educational policies, abiding by law and regulations, implementing the University’s curricular plans, fulfilling the employment contract, completing teaching assignments, and working diligently and collaboratively.

2. Upholding academic integrity and complying with the codes of academic ethics.

3. Helping students to learn the cardinal principles as prescribed by the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China, patriotism, national unity, law as well as ideology, morality, culture and science and technology; organizing and guiding students to participate in social activities.

4. Being a role model of integrity; showing concern and care for students; respecting students’ dignity; promoting students’ all-around development in morality, academic study and physical health.

5. Preventing misconduct harmful to students or other infringements on students’ lawful rights; criticizing and preventing harmful things to students’ healthy development.

6. Constantly improving one’s ideological consciousness and teaching skills.

7. Fulfilling other obligations as prescribed by laws, regulations, the University’s bylaws and employment contracts.

Article 19

Other professionals, technicians, administrators, and services staff enjoy the same rights and fulfill the same obligations as faculty, except the rights and obligations exclusively applied to faculty.

Article 20

The University implements the job policies as follows:

1. Certification system for faculty positions and appointment system for professional and technical positions

2. Clerk and appointment system for administrative positions

3. Appointment system for other professional and technical positions

4. Skill grading appointment system for services staff

Article 21

The University guides and encourages its faculty to be conscientiously engaged in teaching, respects the faculty’s innovation in academic research and provides necessary conditions for teaching and research.

The University gives faculty, other professionals, administrators and services staff full encouragement to play an active role in the construction of the University.

Article 22

The University establishes impartial evaluation standards geared to specific job categories. It implements evaluation based on the performance of faculty, other professionals or technicians, administrators and services staff in ideology, professional ethics, professional knowledge and competence, and accomplishment. The outcome of evaluation decides one’s recruitment, dismissal, promotion, rewarding and disciplining.

Article 23

The University holds responsibility for retired faculty and staff as prescribed by laws.

Chapter III Organizations

Section 1 The Universitys Party Committee, the Commission of Discipline Inspection and Their Organizations

Article 24

In light of the Constitution of the Chinese Communist Party and other regulations, the University’s Party Committee leads the University’s routine work, holds the University’s developmental orientation, decides on major issues, oversees major decisions, supports the President’s autonomy and ensures the fulfillment of all tasks that center around helping students develop strong knowledge and high competence.

Article 25

The primary duties of the University’s Party Committee are listed below:

1. Implementing the Chinese Communist Party’s ideological guidelines, principles and policies; adhering to the socialist principles in running the University; leading the University’s ideological and moral education.

2. Discussing and deciding the University internal organization structuring and the candidates for the leading positions of the organizations.

3. Discussing and deciding important issues such as the University’s reform, development and general administrative systems.

4. Other duties as described by law and the State’s regulations.

Article 26

The University’s Party Committee is elected by the Communist Party Congress of Wuhan University. The Committee consists of a party secretary, deputy secretaries and standing committee members.

Article 27

During the adjournment of the plenary session of the Committee, the standing committee executes the power and fulfills the Committee duty. The standing committee makes decisions based on the principle of democratic centralism, which is embodied in collective leadership, democratic centralism, independent planning and finalizing through meetings.

A session of the standing committee is convened and presided over by the Party Secretary or another standing committee member entrusted by the Party Secretary. Agenda items are set by the Party Secretary on the basis that he or she has consulted with the President and other members of the University leadership. A session shall be convened when at least one half of the members are present. Issues such as organizational structuring and the appointment or dismissal of carders shall enter into discussion when at least two-thirds of the members are present. Decisions on important issues are subject to the approval of one half of the quorum.

Important issues like the appointment and dismissal of important positions, important projects and financial transactions of large amounts shall be decided collectively by both the Party and the administrative leadership in line with procedural rules.

Article 28

The China Communist Party Discipline Inspection Commission of Wuhan University is an internal supervisory organization. The Commission is under the leadership of both the University’s Party Committee and its counterpart at higher level. Its duties include the following: 1)supervising the implementation of the Party’s ideological guidelines, principles, policies, decisions and the implementation of important decisions by the University; 2)assisting the University’s Party Committee in strengthening the construction of the Party's working style and a clean and honest administration; 3)ensuring and enhancing steady development in the University’s undertakings.

Article 29  

The University’s Party Committee sets up organizations and assigns staffing based on its real needs and the principle of simple and efficient administration, and in favor of strengthening the Party’s construction.

Section 2 President and Administrative Departments

Article 30

The President is the legal representative of the University.

The University sets up positions of Vice-presidents and Treasurer to assist the President’s administration. It may set up the position of assistant presidents as needed.

The President is selected and appointed in accordance with the State’s regulations. Vice presidents are nominated by the President and appointed as prescribed by law.

The Treasurer assists the President with the University’s finances. The Treasurer’s duty and appointment are defined by the regulations issued by the State’s educational administrative department.

Article 31

Under the leadership of the University’s Party Committee, the President takes full responsibility for the University’s teaching, research and administration. His or her power and duties are listed below:

1. Representing the University in external contacts

2. Formulating the organizational structures for teaching, research and administration; appointing chief officials of administrative, teaching and research departments.

3. Drafting the University’s developmental strategic plans; enacting regulations and bylaws; making annual work plans and facilitating their implementation.

4. Organizing activities of teaching, research, ideological and moral education.

5. Recruiting and dismissing faculty and staff; managing students’ registration; rewarding or disciplining students, faculty and staff.

6. Formulating and implementing fiscal budget; raising funds; administering University’s public assets.

7. Protecting the University’s legitimate rights and interests.

8. Fulfilling other duties as prescribed by laws, regulations and the University’s bylaws.

The President entrusts a vice-president as alternate to fulfill these duties in the President’s absence.

Article 32

The President’s Office Meeting is the decision-making body of the University’s administration. The President convenes and presides over the meeting. The President entrusts another University leader as alternate in his or her absence.

The attendees of President’s Office Meeting include all members of the University leadership. The director of the President’s office and the supervisory departments attend the meeting as nonvoting attendees. The chairperson of the University’s union and top officials of other administrative departments may attend the meeting as required by the agenda.

Agenda items are initiated by a University leader in charge of assigned areas of responsibilities, assembled by the President’s office and decided by the President or other leaders who preside over the office meeting.

Agenda items shall undergo sufficient deliberation at the President’s Office Meeting and the chair of the meeting makes explicit decisions.

Article 33

The University shall set up a student admissions committee. Its duties include examining admissions policies and regulations, overseeing admission and ensuring impartiality.

Article 34

By following the principle of simple and efficient administration and by providing convenient service to students and faculty, the University autonomously sets up its administrative departments, defines the duties, power and responsibilities of each department, and strengthens supervising and power balancing mechanism.

Section 3 Academic Departments

Article 35

The University sets up the Academic Council.

The Academic Council is the University’s leading academic body responsible for consultation, evaluation and examination of academic matters.

Article 36

The duties of the University’s Academic Council are listed below:

1. Reviewing the development plans and setup of fields of study and academic programs.

2. Reviewing research plans and important academic activities.

3. Reviewing faculty recruitment, research accomplishments, teaching evaluation standards and procedures, degree conferring standards and specifications, standards for degree and non-degree education, educational and teaching plans and developmental policies.

4. Reviewing academic evaluation standards, rules of settling disputes and codes of academic ethics.

5. Evaluating teaching and research achievements and awards.

6. Reviewing the candidates for senior faculty positions, candidates to be recruited as high level and distinguished experts or scholars, and candidates selected by governments for special training.

7. Giving advice on the University’s work plan and medium- or long-term developmental strategic plans

8. Giving advices on teaching and research budget and expenditure, applications for important teaching and research grants and their budget.

9. Reviewing and evaluating other matters as prescribed by the bylaws of the Academic Council; giving advice on the matters upon the request of the University.

The Academic Council shall first inquire, evaluate and review matters within the scope of their duties before their submission for the deliberation at the University’s Party Committee.

Article 37

The University’s Academic Council is composed of full professors from different academic programs and departments. Among the members, those holding an administrative position should not exceed one quarter of the total. At least one half of the members should be professors without holding the Party or administrative leading positions, college deans or department chairpersons. The council members are recommended and elected by colleges, departments and the research units directly affiliated with the University. The membership is eligible on a term basis.

Article 38

The Academic Council has one chairperson and several vice-chairpersons. The chairperson is nominated by the President and elected by all the members. The vice-chairpersons are nominated by the chairperson and elected by all the members.

The Academic Council includes one secretary-general and several deputy secretaries-general. The secretariat of the Council is charge of its routine work.

Article 39

The Academic Council convenes once every semester. It may hold a special meeting upon a proposal by the Council chairperson or the President, or a proposal by two-thirds of the members.

The chairperson convenes and presides over the Academic Council or entrusts a vice-chairperson to do it as needed. A plenary session shall be convened only when half of the members are present. A decision is passed only when two-thirds of the members present vote for it.

Article 40

The Academic Council sets up special committees such as a teaching advisory committee and an academic ethics enhancement committee. It sets up academic committees of faculties, a hierarchal academic unit that operates above colleges and that clusters around primary fields of study. The Council empowers the Professor Committee at colleges (departments) to fulfill their duties. The membership, duties and procedure of the above committees are defined by their corresponding regulations and bylaws.

Article 41

The special committees affiliated with the University report to the University’s Academic Council. The Academic Council may authorize special committees to convene a meeting for a particular academic agenda or to fulfill duties as assigned.

Article 42

The University sets up an academic degree evaluating committee, whose membership, duties and procedures are prescribed by the regulations and bylaws issued by the University. The degree evaluating committee shall acknowledge the guidance and oversight of the University’s Academic Council.

Article 43

The University sets up faculties in line with the distribution of primary fields of study, and their setup may be regulated in line with new academic developments.

The primary duties of the faculties include promoting interdisciplinary development, coordinating interdisciplinary research and arranging academic activities within the faculties. These duties shall be fulfilled by both the academic committees of the faculties and special committees.

Article 44

In consideration of the real needs in Medical Education, the University empowers the Faculty of Medicine with corresponding administrative responsibilities.

Section 4 Administration and Oversight

Article 45

The University’s Faculty and Staff’s Congress signifies their involvement in the University’s administration and oversight as prescribed by law. The Congress operates and exercises its functions and powers as prescribed.

Article 46  

The functions and power of the Congress are listed below:

1. Hearing the drafting and revision of the University’s Constitution; giving their opinions and suggestions for revision.

2. Hearing the University’s developmental strategic plan, construction of the ranks of faculty and staff, educational reform, campus construction and the reports of important reforms and issues; and giving their opinions and suggestions.

3. Hearing the University’s annual work report, financial report, the Union’s report as well as other special work reports; and giving their opinions and suggestions.

4. Discussing and approving the University’s policies of faculty and staff’s welfare and salary, and the specifications of evaluating, rewarding and disciplining faculty and staff.

5. Reviewing the implementation of the proposals submitted at last Congress

6. Evaluating the performance of the University’s leaders and the administrative departments as prescribed by regulations and bylaws.

7. Giving comments and suggestions on the University’s work through multiple ways; overseeing the implementation of the University’s regulations, bylaws and decisions; giving opinions and suggestions for rectification.

8. Discussing other matters as prescribed by laws, regulations, bylaws and matters agreed on by the University and the Congress.

The Faculty and Staff’s Congress appoints an Executive Committee, whose members are elected by the Congress. During its adjournment, the Congress empowers the Executive Committee to perform its duty.

Article 47

The Students’ Congress (including Undergraduates’ Congress and Graduates’ Congress) is operated independently by students. It signifies students’ involvement in administering and overseeing the University.

Article 48

The functions and duties of the Congress are listed below:

1. Participating in decisions on important matters pertaining to students’ rights and important issues pertaining to reform and development.

2. Participating in the revision of regulations and bylaws pertaining to the University’s developmental strategic plan, campus cultural development, administration of students’ education and service; safeguarding students’ rights and interests.

3. Discussing and approving Student Union’s working policies and tasks.

4. Enacting and revising the Charter of the Students’ Congress and overseeing its implementation.

5. Voting and electing the new Presidium of the Student Union and Graduate Student Union

6. Calling for, collecting, submitting proposals and giving feedback for the handling of proposals.

7. Discussing and approving important matters of the Student Union and Graduate Student Union.

The Standing Committee of the Students’ Congress, as its permanent body, performs the functions of the Students’ Congress during its adjournment.

Article 49

The opinions and suggestions given at the Faculty and Staff’s Congress and the Students’ Congress are submitted as the resolutions of these Congresses.

The University shall carefully heed the opinions and suggestions, and shall adopt what it deems reasonable.

Article 50

Under the leadership of the University’s Party Committee, the Union, the Communist Youth League, Student Union and Graduate Student Union operate as defined by their respective charters; participating in administrating and overseeing the University; safeguarding faculty, staff and students’ rights and interests.

Article 51

Under the leadership of the University’s Party Committee, all other democratic parties operate as defined by their respective constitutions, and participate in duties of administration and oversight.

Section 5 Teaching and Research Bodies

Article 52

The University sets up colleges or schools based on the first-level academic disciplines or highest hierarchy of the fields of study; it may also set up special mono-disciplinary colleges or non-affiliated departments as needed; it may readjust these academic programs as needed.

Article 53

The University implements a dual-level governance model. Based on the principle of equalizing powers and obligations, flexible adaption and clear definition of the purview of the University and colleges (departments), the University empowers colleges (departments) with corresponding decision-making powers.

Article 54

The colleges (departments) hold creating highly-competent and well-learned people as their fundamental mission. They are the University’s executive units in carrying out education, research, social service, cultural inheritance and innovations. Colleges (departments) operate autonomously as described by the University.

Their major functions and duties include:

1. Enacting the college (department)’s developmental strategic plans.

2. Implementing all the resolutions passed by the University.

3. Developing academic programs, constructing the ranks of faculty, organizing teaching and research activities.

4. Drafting plans for developing students’ professional knowledge and high competence; making and implementing curricular plans.

5. Building and improving internal organizations as required by the University.

6. Handling the hiring and human resources management as required by the University.

7. Handling students’ character education and student management as guided by the University.

8. Administering the college’s internal affairs, assets and finances.

9. Providing social service; carrying out international exchange activities and cooperation.

10. Other powers and duties as defined by the University

Article 55

Colleges (departments)’s Party and administrative joint meetings are responsible for decisions on their routine work and the implementation of the decisions. The collective leadership of the Party and administration and their separated responsibilities ensure the accomplishment of objectives and tasks.

The joint meetings are presided over by the college (department) dean.

Article 56

Colleges set up professor committee, academic degree reviewing subcommittee and teaching advisory subcommittee. Each committee or subcommittee operates pursuant to their charter and they shall be guided and overseen by the University’s Academic Committee, their counterparts of higher level and the college or department where they reside.

Article 57

Colleges (departments) hold Faculty and Staff’s Congress, which deliberates and approves important matters pertaining to the college’s reformation, development and personal interests.

Article 58

Based on the needs of academic programs and teaching, colleges (departments) set up and restructure teaching research organizations, and constantly improve the quality of teaching and learning.

Colleges (departments) set up and restructure academic research organizations as needed.

Article 59

The University sets up and restructures cross-disciplinary and inter-college (department) research organizations based on the needs of academic research and social service; It sets up cooperative teaching and research organizations with governments, enterprises or others, which shall be administered, evaluated and reviewed based on the nature of the cooperators.

Section 6 Board of Directors

Article 60

The University sets up a Board of Directors, whose duties include strengthening social cooperation, raising funds, and participating in decision-making. The Board of Directors is composed of representatives of the University’s sponsors and co-sponsors, the University’s leaders, chairpersons of academic committees, representatives of faculty and students, representatives of enterprises and public institutions, alumni, social celebrities and pro-University people from all fields.

The Board of Directors operates pursuant to its charter.

Chapter IV Administration of Assets and Campus

Article 61

The administration of the University’s assets and campus serve teaching and research. A strong foundation of public service and support ensures the smooth running of University.

Section 1 Source of Funding

Article 62

The University’s funding comes from the governmental financial subsidies, the University’s income, operating income, subsidies from higher governmental departments, revenues from affiliated units and other miscellaneous incomes. The mechanism for the University to raise funds is the governmental funding as the primary source, income generated from student tuition, and donations from society.

Article 63

The University gives Educational Development Foundations sufficient autonomy to raise donations and funds that help to strengthening its educational development.

Article 64

The University encourages colleges (departments), research institutes and faculty to apply for research grants; it acknowledges the incomes earned through scientific and technological applications, professional consultation and training; it encourage educational expansion programs,.

Section 2 Administration of Assets

Article 65

The University’s assets include current assets, fixed assets, projects under construction, intangible assets and external investments.

The University possesses and uses the assets in the following forms: assets generated from the State’s financial funding, assets appropriated by the State to universities, incomes from state-owned business which operate pursuant to the States’ policies, donations and other lawful assets. All the assets are state-owned.

Article 66

The University adopts the policy of sensible expenditure, uses and administers the State’s assets pursuant to the State’s law and regulations.

1. The University’s assets are used for teaching, research and academic program development. To increase the efficiency, the University balances the allocation of assets by following the principles of high efficiency, sharing and being compensable.

2. The University sets up a supervisory agency, whose duty is overseeing and safeguarding the state-owned assets, preventing their losses and ensuring their appreciation over time.

3. The system the University adopts to administer finances is known as “unified leadership, hierarchical administration, centralized accounting”. The University develops a system of financial responsibility, and an auditing and supervisory system to strengthen oversight, maximize benefits and safeguard fund operations.

Section 3 Campus Designing and Administration

Article 67

The campus serves a special function of fostering culture and nurturing people as well as its primary function for education and research.

Article 68

The overall design of the campus shall take into consideration of its sustainable development, harmony between the natural environments and architecture, and the protection of mountains, wetland, rare and old trees, historical architecture and relics.

The overall campus design is subject to the approval of the Municipal Government; its construction shall strictly follow the overall design.

Article 69

The University administers the teaching, research and living zones in order to ensure each is operated in an efficient and effective manner.

Chapter V Alumni

Article 70

The University’s alumni refer to those who used to study, teach or work at the University; they also refer to adjunct, visiting and honorary professors.

Article 71

Alumni are an important force to enhance the University’s development. The University invites their opinions and suggestions regarding major initiatives of reform and development. The University shall periodically (or aperiodically) notify alumni of important events.

Article 72

The University sets up the Alumni Association to maintain contact with alumni. The University encourages the founding of regional and occupational alumni associations.

Article 73

The University honors alumni who have made special contributions to promoting human development, and enhancing national strength and the University’s development.

Chapter VI Logo, Flag and Anthem and Anniversary

Article 74

The University motto is ““Improving Oneself, Promoting Perseverance, Seeking Truth and Making Innovations”

Article 75

The University logo is comprised of the silhouette of the old library as the landmark building, the founding year, and the Chinese and English names.

Article 76

The University flag is red in background. The Chinese characters Wu Han Da Xue in Mao’s calligraphic style are in the center. On the left corner is the University logo. The dimensions are192*128cm and 240*160cm.

Article 77

The University anthem is “Wuhan University Anthem” adopted in 1998.

Article 78

The University’s anniversary is November 29th

Chapter VII Appendix

Article 79

This Constitution is the fundamental law for the University’s development, construction and administration. All other regulations and bylaws shall be enacted under the framework of this law.

Article 80

The enacting and amendment of this Constitution are subject to the deliberation by the Faculty and Staff’s Congress, approval of the President’s office meeting, review of the University’s Party Committee, and approval of the educational department of China State Council.

Article 81

The University’s Party Committee is authorized to interpret this Constitution.

Article 82

This Constitution takes effect on the date of its issuance.

Copyright @ 2014 Wuhan University